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    首页 >> 在隧洞施工中装载机使用注意事项
    在隧洞施工中装载机使用注意事项
    2014-10-7 9:45:41

    在一些尺寸较大的涵洞施工中,我们常常用侧卸装载机作为装载设备。但隧洞施工有别于露天施工,根据我们在施工中积累的经验,侧卸装载机在隧洞施工中应注意以下几个方面:

    1、做好安全防护措施,保持通风。
    在隧洞施工过程中,洞内的塌方、岩爆、洞顶落石等是经常发生的。如果没有有效的防护措施,势必会造成对设备或人员的伤害,对装载机的重点部位加强防护后,才可以进行施工作业。隧洞施工过程中,良好的通风条件和施工环境是保证施工正常进行的必要条件。
    In the tunnel construction process, cave collapse, rock burst, and the roof falling rocks, etc. is a common occurrence. If there is no effective protective measures, will inevitably lead to damage to equipment or personnel, key parts of the loader after strengthening protection before they can carry out the construction work. Tunnel construction process, good ventilation and construction environment is a necessary condition to ensure the construction of normal.
    2、安装轮胎防护链
    侧卸装载机在隧洞内作业时,由于洞内路面上布满爆破后的碎渣,这些石渣有着象刀锋一样的棱角,轮胎被它划伤往往是致命的。由于侧卸装载机轮胎价格较高,如果不采取有效的防护措施,减少轮胎的消耗量,施工单位的经济效益是无法保证的。在实践中,我们一般都加装防护链。虽说防护链较贵,但从节约轮胎中获得的经济效益是比较明显的。
    Side discharge loaders work in the tunnel, because after blasting debris covered the road on the inside, like these gravel with the same blade edges, scratched tires it is often fatal. Due to the higher side discharge loader tire prices, if you do not take effective protective measures to reduce the economic benefits of consumption, the construction unit of the tire is not guaranteed. In practice, we usually install protective chain. Although the protective chain is more expensive, but the cost savings obtained tire is quite obvious.
    3、正确操作,出现故障及时修理
    隧洞中作业场地狭小,无形中增加了操作上的难度,操作水平较高者可以缩短洞内的作业时间,侧卸装载机出现故障后要及时进行修理,以免因小失大,致使装载机在作业过程中无法运转。
    Tunnel narrow jobsites, potentially increasing the difficulty of operating on a higher level of operation can shorten the operation time inside the cave, side discharge loaders after failure to timely repair, so runs the risk of causing loader unable to run job.
    4、及时做好侧卸装载机的维护保养
    我们根据实际情况及时更换空气滤芯,有助于延长侧卸装载机发动机的使用寿命,保证发动机的正常大修周期。同时还要随时监测发动机机油、液力传动油、液压油的品质,根据其变质情况及时更换新油、更换滤芯或清洗滤网,不能只按正常的换油周期操作。
    We timely replacement of air filter according to the actual situation, side dump loaders helps extend engine life, ensure the normal overhaul cycle of the engine. But also any time to monitor the quality of the engine oil, hydraulic transmission oil, hydraulic oil, replace them with new oil according to its deterioration, replace the filter or clean the filter, not only according to the normal oil change operation.

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