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    首页 >> 装载机应该如何正确操作?
    装载机应该如何正确操作?
    2014-6-10 18:13:30

    装载机正确操作方法可以归纳为:一轻、二稳、三离、四勤、五协调、六严禁。

    一轻:在装载机作业时脚跟紧抵驾驶室地板,自吸泵脚板和油门踏板保持平行,轻缓地下压加油踏板。
    Heel tight against the floor when the loader cab operations, pump foot and the accelerator pedal parallel, underground pressure refueling pedal gently.

    二稳:装载机在作业中,油门始终要稳住。一般作业状态下,油门开度在70%左右为宜。
    Loader in operation, the throttle should always hold. Under normal operating condition, the throttle opening is appropriate at around 70%.

    三离:在装载机作业时,脚板应和制动踏板分离开,平放到驾驶室地板上,决不能踩在制动踏板上。齿轮油泵装载机常常在凹凸不平的工地作业,如果脚总是踩在制动踏板上,机身上下窜动会造成驾驶员不轻意地踩制动踏板。一般情况下,要用控制油门减速的办法控制机况和换档。油桶泵这样既避免了频繁制动造成制动系统过热,又为装载机快捷的提速带来方便。
    When the loader work, foot and brake pedal should be separated, flat onto the cab floor, never step on the brake pedal. Gear pumps loaders often uneven job site, if the feet are always stepped on the brake pedal, ran up and down the body does not cause the driver to step on the brake pedal lightly. In general, the approach to use to control the throttle deceleration conditions and shift control aircraft. Drum pump so avoids frequent cause brake system brake overheating, convenient and bring fast speed loaders.

    四勤:在装载机作业时,特别是在铲挖作业时,应在油门稳定情况下,用循环扳动起升和转斗操纵杆的方法使铲斗铲满物料。计量泵起升和转斗操纵杠的循环扳动就是所说的“勤”。这个过程非常重要,对耗油量的影响很大。
    When the loader operations, especially when shoveling operation, the throttle should be stable in the case, the lifting and pulling the loop transfer bucket lever method shovel bucket full of material. Metering pumps and lifting the bucket is pulled loop manipulation bar called "ground." This process is very important, a great influence on the fuel consumption.

    五协调:协调就是起升和转斗操纵杠有机的配合。装载机一般的铲挖过程首先是将铲斗平放在地面,平稳地驶向料堆。卫生泵在铲斗平行铲往料堆遇阻力时,首先应遵循先起臂后收斗的原则。这样可以有效地避免铲斗底部受到阻力,从而能够充分发挥最大的掘起力。
    Coordination is lifting the bar of organic and genetically manipulated fighting fit. Shovel loaders general procedure is to first bucket flat on the ground, smooth sail stockpile. When sanitary pumps in parallel shovel bucket to stockpile in case of resistance, the first principle should be followed after the first arm received from the bucket. This can effectively avoid the bottom of the bucket by the resistance, which can give full play to the maximum breakout force.

    六严禁:首先是严禁轮胎打滑。装载机作业时,遇阻力而猛加油门往往会出现轮胎打滑的现象。这种现象通常是由于驾驶员操作不当造成的,既增加了油耗又损伤了轮胎。其次是严禁后轮翘起。屏蔽泵由于装载机的掘起力大,驾驶员通常在铲挖坚实的原土和石料山等作业过程中,如果操作不当就容易出现两后轮翘起离地现象。这种翘起动作的落地惯性,会造成铲斗的刃板断裂、铲斗变形;试压泵后轮翘起很高时还容易引起前后机架等结构的焊接处开裂,甚至板材断裂等。第三是严禁撞击料堆。铲挖普通物料,装载机可以用II档作业,严禁以II档以上的档位向料堆进行惯性冲击。离心泵正确的方法应该是铲斗在接近料堆时适时地把档位转换为I档完成一个铲料过程。
    The first is the non-tire slippage. When the loader operations, met fierce resistance and fuel door will always be a tire slip phenomenon. This phenomenon is usually due to improper operation of the driver, both increased fuel consumption and damage the tires. Followed strictly prohibited wheel tilt. Since the loader breakout force shield pump large, the driver usually shovel solid original soil and stone mountain during the operation, improper operation is easy if the two rear wheels off the ground tilt phenomenon. This tilt action landing inertia will cause the bucket blade plate fracture, Bucket deformation; test pump wheel cocked high Shihai prone to cracking at the front and rear racks welded structure, and even plate fracture. The third is a non-impact stockpile. Shovel ordinary materials, loaders II file operations can be prohibited to file more stalls II inertial shock to the stockpile. Centrifugal correct approach should be close to the bucket in a timely manner when the windrow stalls converted to I file a shovel to complete the process.