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    首页 >> 装载机发生故障有哪些原因?
    装载机发生故障有哪些原因?
    发布时间:2014-6-9 10:20:36    浏览:250次

    装载机在使用过程中,由于各种原因,使动力性、经济性、可靠性和安全性发生变化,逐渐地或突然的破坏了正常工况,就是发生了故障。形成故障的因素是多种多样的,山东永保机械有关工作人员为大家归纳了一下几个方面的原因。

    1、配件制造的质量问题造成的故障
    目前装载机是采取社会化生产方式,主机厂主要知道结构件和进行装配,而大多数配件是配件厂生产。由于这些配件厂的设备条件,技术水平和经营管理水平各有不同,不同时期由于工区之间紧张与缓和,厂内各种事件对职工思想情绪的影响。都会使配件质量不稳定。由于配件制造的质量问题使装载机产生故障比较多,所以必须对装载机的各种部件的构造及工作原理充分了解。
    Loader is currently taking socialized production, OEMs and major structural components that are assembled, and most parts are parts plant. Since these parts plant equipment conditions, technical level and management level vary for different periods due to the easing of tension between the work area, plant a variety of events on the ideological sentiment. Will cause the unstable quality accessories. Due to the quality of parts manufactured the loader failure more, so you must work on the structure and principles of various components of the loader fully understood.

    2、装载机设计制造商的缺陷和薄弱环节造成的故障
    现代装载机设计结构的改进,制造新工艺新技术和新材料的采用,加工装配质量的改善,确实使国装载机的性能和质量有很大的提高。但由于装载机结构比汽车拖拉机更为复杂,品种规格繁多,甚至同样型号的装载机,不同的生产厂,其设计仍有较大的差异。因此造成装载机的各组成、组件、零部件的工作情况差异很大,不可能完全适应各种运行条件和工作环境,使用中就会暴露出某些薄弱环节,特别是那些新投产的装载机,这些薄弱环节比较多。
    Improved design of the structure of modern loaders, manufacturing uses, to improve the quality of processing and assembly of new technology and new materials, new technology, performance and quality of the country does make loaders have greatly improved. However, due to the structure is more complex than a car loader tractor, many different specifications, even the same type of loaders, different production plant, its design is still a big difference. Thus causing the constituent loaders, components, parts work great differences in the situation, can not fully adapt to a variety of operating conditions and working environment in use will expose some weaknesses, especially those new production of loaders these weaknesses more.

    3、燃料、润滑油料品质的影响
    合理选用装载机的燃料和润滑油料是保证装载机正常作业的必要条件。例如变矩器和变速箱用的润滑油,必须是质量好的透平油和液压油,否则,因用油不当,造成变矩器系统油温过高,会带来一系列故障。
    Rational use of fuels and lubricants loader loader material is to ensure the normal operation of the necessary conditions. For example with torque converter and gearbox oil must be of good quality turbine oil and hydraulic oil, otherwise the oil due to improper torque converter system causing high oil temperature, it will bring a series of failures.

    4、管理、使用不善,不执行计划预防的保养制度活保养质量不佳。
    目前我国的经济管理现状,确定了因管理、使用和保养不善而引起的故障占有最大比重,这些故障因素都是我们所要注意的。
    The current status of China's economic management, fault identified by the management, use and poor maintenance caused holds the largest proportion of these failures are the factors that we have to pay attention.