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    首页 >> 装载机铲斗如何进行设计?
    装载机铲斗如何进行设计?
    发布时间:2015-4-4 16:57:09    浏览:319次

    装载机http://www.sdyongbaojixie.com/铲斗是装载机用来收集、切削、铲装、运输和卸载物料的工具,装载机工作时的插入能力及铲掘能力是通过铲斗直接发挥出来的,铲斗的结构形状及尺寸直接影响装载机的作业效率和可靠性。装载机铲斗形状设计的合理,有利于减少插入阻力,提高铲斗的铲取力,使矿物流动顺畅,大大提高铲斗的工作效率。装载机铲斗工作的条件恶劣,需要较大的插入力,承受较大的冲击载荷和严重的磨削,因此要求铲斗应具有足够的强度、刚度和耐磨性。
    Loader bucket loader is used to collect, cutting tools, shovels, transport and unloading of materials, the ability to insert capability and shovel loaders at work is a direct play out through the bucket, the bucket structure shapes and sizes directly affect operational efficiency and reliability of the loader. Loader bucket shape design is reasonable, it helps to reduce the insertion resistance, improve scooping bucket of force, so that the mineral flowing smoothly,greatly improving the efficiency of the bucket. Loader bucket to work in bad conditions, requires a large insertion force, bear a greater impact load and severe grinding, thus requiring the bucket should have sufficient strength,stiffness and abrasion resistance.
      
    装载机铲斗动臂和连杆的后端与车架支座铰接,动臂和连杆的前端与铲斗托架铰接,托架上部铰接转斗油缸体,其活塞杆及托架下部与铲斗铰接。当托架、动臂、连杆及车架支座构成的是平行四连杆机构,则在动力提升、转斗油缸闭锁时,铲斗始终保持平移,斗内东西不会抖落。装载机铲斗的下铰接点即与动臂的连接铰接点,当铲斗在铲掘位置时,应尽量使该点靠近切削刃与地面,下铰接点靠近铲斗切削刃,则转斗时力臂小,有利于增加作用在斗刃上的掘起力。
    Loader bucket boom and the rear end of the connecting rod bearing frame hinged boom and bucket linkage bracket hinged front, the upper hinge bracket bucket cylinder body, piston rod and the lower bracket and bucket hinge. When the brackets, boom, connecting rod and bearing frame is composed of a parallel four-bar linkage, in power lifting, bucket cylinder lock, the bucket remains translation, things will not shake off infighting. Under the loader bucket hinge point that is connected with the boom pivot point, when the bucket at the shovel position, you should try to make the point close to the cutting edge with the ground, the next pivot point near the cutting edge of the bucket, the bucket when arm small, will help to increase the role of the edge of the bucket breakout force.
       
    装载机http://www.sdyongbaojixie.com/铲斗切削刃的形状根据所铲装物料的不同而异,装载机装有斗齿的铲斗,在装载机作业时,插入力有斗齿分担,形成较大的比压,利于插入密实的料堆疏松物料,便于铲斗的插入。装载机用于插入阻力较小的松散物料或粘性物料,其铲斗可以不装斗齿。装载机设计铲斗的切削刀形状、斗齿、侧刀、斗体形状、铲斗容量等要根据铲斗的设计要求和铲斗斗型的结构分析来确定。
    Loader bucket cutting edge shape depending on the loading shovel material varies, equipped with bucket loader bucket teeth, and when the loader operations, the insertion force there fighting tooth-sharing, leading to higher than the pressure, which will help to insert dense pile of loose material, to facilitate insertion of the bucket. Loader is used to insert a small resistance of loose materials or viscous material, which may not be loaded bucket bucket teeth.Loader bucket design cutter shape, bucket teeth, side cutter, bucket shape, bucket capacity, etc. should be determined based on structural analysis and design requirements of the bucket and bucket type.